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How Cannabis Consumption in Minnesota Compares to the Rest of the US

imageForEntry3 RNbIn May, Minnesota became the 23rd state to legalize recreational marijuana use. After decades of activism, marijuana users and advocates are finally seeing a large-scale relaxation of marijuana restrictions at the state level. The District of Columbia and Guam have also legalized recreational pot.

THC, one of the psychoactive compounds in marijuana, can cause euphoria when smoked or ingested, though it can also cause anxiety. Besides smoking for pleasure, many use marijuana for medical reasons, including the relief of chronic pain, insomnia, nausea, tremors associated with Parkinson’s Disease, and anxiety. Another active compound in marijuana is CBD, which is purported to carry some of the same medical benefits without causing the associated high. (Take a look at these foods and drinks enhanced with CBD.)

For the states that have legalized cannabis use, marijuana has been a boon for government coffers. Many states with fully operational marijuana programs brought in tens of millions of dollars in tax revenue off of cannabis sales in 2021. California reported marijuana tax revenue in excess of $1 billion that year.

Despite its federal status as a controlled substance, people across the country have used marijuana on a regular basis, and continue to do so.

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 893,000 people in Minnesota aged 12 and up have reportedly used marijuana in the last year – or 18.6% of the 12 and older population, the 24th lowest usage rate among states.

Earlier this year, recreational marijuana was legalized in Minnesota. The law will go into effect in August 2023.

All data on marijuana usage rates is from the 2021 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, published in March 2023. The legal status of marijuana use in each state, last updated on July 1 2023, came from DISA, a third-party administrator of drug and alcohol testing, background screening, and more for employers.

Rank State Share of residents age 12+ who have used marijuana in past year ($) Residents age 12+ who have used marijuana in past year Legal status in state
1 Vermont 30.8 175,000 Fully Legal
2 Oregon 28.8 1,052,000 Fully Legal
3 Alaska 27.0 158,000 Fully Legal
4 Washington 25.9 1,691,000 Fully Legal
5 Massachusetts 25.6 1,552,000 Fully Legal
6 Maine 24.8 298,000 Fully Legal
7 Nevada 24.8 659,000 Fully Legal
8 Colorado 24.7 1,217,000 Fully Legal
9 Michigan 24.7 2,118,000 Fully Legal
10 Rhode Island 24.2 229,000 Fully Legal
11 Oklahoma 24.2 794,000 Mixed
12 New Mexico 22.8 406,000 Fully Legal
13 Arizona 21.9 1,348,000 Fully Legal
14 Montana 21.6 203,000 Fully Legal
15 New York 21.1 3,578,000 Fully Legal
16 Illinois 21.0 2,247,000 Fully Legal
17 California 20.8 6,886,000 Fully Legal
18 Connecticut 19.9 619,000 Fully Legal
19 Ohio 19.6 1,947,000 Mixed
20 Iowa 19.3 519,000 Mixed
21 Delaware 19.2 164,000 Fully Legal
22 Maryland 19.1 988,000 Fully Legal
23 Louisiana 19.0 727,000 Mixed
24 Kansas 19.0 459,000 Fully Illegal
25 Indiana 18.6 1,062,000 Mixed
26 Missouri 18.6 963,000 Fully Legal
27 Minnesota 18.6 893,000 Mixed
28 New Hampshire 18.5 225,000 Mixed
29 Virginia 18.0 1,304,000 Fully Legal
30 Pennsylvania 17.5 1,934,000 Mixed
31 Wyoming 17.2 84,000 Fully Illegal
32 Georgia 17.2 1,546,000 Mixed
33 Wisconsin 16.6 834,000 Mixed
34 Tennessee 16.6 975,000 Mixed
35 West Virginia 16.6 253,000 Mixed
36 North Dakota 16.5 105,000 Mixed
37 New Jersey 16.3 1,285,000 Fully Legal
38 South Carolina 15.6 687,000 Fully Illegal
39 Mississippi 15.6 383,000 Mixed
40 Arkansas 15.6 393,000 Mixed
41 Idaho 15.3 242,000 Fully Illegal
42 Kentucky 15.2 573,000 Mixed
43 Florida 15.0 2,805,000 Mixed
44 Hawaii 14.9 175,000 Mixed
45 Nebraska 14.4 233,000 Fully Illegal
46 North Carolina 13.7 1,219,000 Fully Illegal
47 South Dakota 13.7 100,000 Mixed
48 Utah 13.3 361,000 Mixed
49 Alabama 12.7 537,000 Mixed
50 Texas 12.6 3,066,000 Mixed
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