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How the Gun Ownership Rate in Minnesota Compares to Other States

imageForEntry30 XuHTo much of the world, the United States is a country defined, at least in part, by its gun culture. And with good reason. The U.S., along with Guatemala and Mexico, is one of only three countries in which gun ownership is a constitutional right. Even more telling, according to a 2020 study by the National Shooting Sports Foundation, the U.S. is home to an estimated 433.9 million civilian-owned firearms, equal to about 1.3 guns for every American. No other country comes close to having that many guns, let alone more guns than people.

However, not all Americans are gun owners. Far from it, in fact. According to a 2020 study published by the RAND Corporation, a research and public policy advocacy group, only about 32% of American households own a firearm. Therefore, based on the total number of guns in the U.S. many gun-owning households likely own far more than one.

At the state level, gun ownership rates vary considerably. In some parts of the country, fewer than one in every 10 households own at least one firearm. In others, meanwhile, well over half of all households do.

According to RAND Corporation estimates, approximately 39.1% of households in Minnesota own at least one gun, the 23rd lowest gun ownership rate among the 50 states.

Gun control laws vary considerably at the state level, and in states with the tightest restrictions, firearms can be harder to obtain. On an A to F scale – with A representing the strongest gun control laws and F the weakest – gun violence prevention group Giffords Law Center assigns Minnesota a C+ for its gun control policies.

All data in this story is from the RAND Corporation and the Annual Gun Law Scorecard, published by the Giffords Law Center.

Rank State Gun ownership rate (%) Gun control grade (A-F) Firearm deaths per 100,000 people in 2021
1 Montana 65.0 F 25.1
2 Wyoming 60.7 F 26.1
3 West Virginia 60.0 F 17.3
4 Idaho 57.8 F 16.3
5 Alaska 57.2 F 25.2
6 South Dakota 55.0 F 14.3
7 Oklahoma 54.9 F 21.2
8 Mississippi 54.1 F 33.9
9 North Dakota 53.3 F 16.8
10 Alabama 52.8 F 26.4
11 Missouri 52.8 F 23.2
12 Kentucky 52.5 F 21.1
13 Louisiana 52.3 F 29.1
14 Arkansas 51.8 F 23.3
15 Vermont 50.3 C- 11.9
16 Maine 47.7 F 12.6
17 Wisconsin 47.1 D+ 13.5
18 Tennessee 46.9 F 22.8
19 New Hampshire 46.3 F 8.3
20 South Carolina 45.0 F 22.4
21 Indiana 42.4 F 18.4
22 Kansas 42.3 F 17.3
23 Ohio 41.9 F 16.5
24 Oregon 41.4 B+ 14.9
25 Pennsylvania 40.2 B- 14.8
26 Utah 39.7 F 13.9
27 Nebraska 39.2 C 10.3
28 Minnesota 39.1 C+ 10.0
29 Michigan 38.9 C+ 15.4
30 Delaware 38.7 B 16.6
31 Iowa 38.5 F 11.2
32 Colorado 37.9 B 17.8
33 Georgia 37.7 F 20.3
34 North Carolina 37.1 C 17.3
35 Arizona 36.0 F 18.3
36 New Mexico 35.9 C+ 27.8
37 Texas 35.5 F 15.6
38 Virginia 35.3 B 14.3
39 Nevada 32.9 C+ 19.8
40 Washington 32.1 B+ 11.2
41 Florida 28.8 C- 14.1
42 Illinois 22.6 A- 16.1
43 Connecticut 18.8 A- 6.7
44 Maryland 16.7 A- 15.2
45 California 16.3 A 9.0
46 New York 14.5 A- 5.4
47 Rhode Island 13.9 B+ 5.6
48 Hawaii 9.1 A- 4.8
49 Massachusetts 9.0 A- 3.4
50 New Jersey 8.9 A 5.2
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